Uttarakhand was established on November 9, 2000, as the 27th state of India. From 2000 to 2006 it was known as Uttaranchal. In 2007, the name of the state was changed to Uttarakhand. The capital of Uttarakhand state is Dehradun and it is also the largest city in the state. People around the globe come for Uttarakhand Darshan.
There are 2 division and 13 districts in Uttarakhand state.
Kumaun Division (6 Districts): Almora, Pithoragarh, Nainital, Champawat, Bageshwar, Udham Singh Nagar.
The mythology of Uttarakhand state
Uttarakhand state is also known as Devbhoomi due to the incarnation of various goddesses here in the Puranic period.
Uttarakhand source of information
In Rigveda, Uttarakhand state has been called Devbhoomi and the complete land of the mystic. Saraswati river belongs to Uttarakhand.
The Vyas Cave, Ganesha Cave, Narad Cave and Skund Cave are located near Badrinath Dham. It is believed that the Vedas have been formed in these caves.
The most discussed in Skandapuran is Uttarakhand. It mentions that the Himalaya is divided into 5 sections- Kashmir, Jalandhar, Kedar Khand (Garhwal), Manas Khand (Kumaun) and Nepal Himalaya.
History of Uttarakhand state
According to historians, Kedarkhand was divided into 52 strongholds. There were different king of these strongholds who had their own territory. King Ajaypal of Panwar Dynasty won these 52 fortresses and made his own state, named Garhwal and made its capital Srinagar.
In 1803, the Gorkha army attacked Garhwal and subdued it during the months of “Bhadon“. The King of Garhwal sought the help of the British for the release of the state from Gorkha army.
In 1814, the Gorkha rule was over from Garhwal and Kumaon from 1815. According to the promise, the King of Garhwal was unable to pay the amount of expenditure of the war. Because of which the British took half the state of East Garhwal and Srinagar in their possession. After this, the king of Garhwal established his capital in Tehri.
Geography of Uttarakhand state
Uttarakhand state is divided into 8 geographical areas.
1) Ganga’s plains – Most part of South Haridwar comes in the area of Ganges. This part is made of sand, silt, and soil etc.
2) Lowland area (Tarai) – The Swampy area located in the South of Pauri and Nainital district is called lowland area. The maximum area of Udham Singh Nagar district comes under Tarai zone.
3) Bhabar – In this zone, Champawat in the East and Dehradun in the West comes. In North of Tarai and south of Shivalik this 10-20 km wide area is known as Bhabar. This area is not suitable for agriculture.
4) Shivalik – Its expansion is in 7 districts of Uttaranchal. (South Dehradun, South Tehri, South Almora, south Champawat, North Haridwar, Mid Pauri, Mid Nanital). It is also known as outer Himalaya. At this altitude trees of Rhododendron, Sal, Pine etc. are found.
5) Doon Dwar – Located in the north of Shivalik and in the south of the Mid Himalayas. It is known as Dwar in the east and Doon in the west.
6) Mid Himalaya – The extension of Mid Himalaya is found in 9 districts of Uttarakhand state. The average height of this zone is 1200-4500 meter.
7) Great Himalaya – The extension of great Himalaya is found in 6 Districts of Uttarakhand state (Uttarkashi, Tehri, Chamoli, Rudraprayag, Bageshwar, and Pithoragarh).
8) Trans Himalaya – Most of Uttaranchal’s passes are in Trans Himalaya.
Legislative Structure of Uttarakhand state
Lok Sabha constituencies in the state – 5
Rajya Sabha constituencies in the state – 3
Assembly constituencies in the state – 71 (70 Elected + 1 Nominated)
Arts and Culture of Uttarakhand state
In Uttarakhand state, different types of art, religions, dance form, songs, etc are found, which strengthen its culture. The culture of Uttarakhand is very ancient. An eagle Vedika is obtained from Jagatgram near Kalsi, which is an outstanding example of architecture. Various form of architecture is available int he Deities, Rajoeasadas and Nalu’s of the state.
The sculptures in Uttarakhand state are found in the form of architecture creation like Statue of Baijnath, Idol of Shaivism, Idol of Jageshwar, Idol of Badrinath, idol deities, etc.
From ancient time, painting is developing here. Many forms of painting are also seen in various rituals. Bar-Boond, Jyoti-Patta, Dikara are the different form of painting in Uttaranchal.
Maangal Geet, Panwade, Jagar, Thdya Geet, Vivah Geet, Barhamasa Geet, Kulachar Geet, Chaumasa Geet, Chaiti Pasara, Chopti Geet are some folk song of Uttarac]nchal.
Chaufula, Chanchri, Ghasiyari, Saranw, Fofty, Banwara, talwar, Ghugti, Kedara, Bhaila, Jatra, etc are some folk dance of Uttaranchal state.
Fair and Festivals of Uttarakhand state
Harela – Its is mainly famous in Kumaun and is celebrated in the month of Shravan.
Foolsangrant/Fooldeyi – It is celebrated on the arrival of spring. On the first day of Chaitra month, Childers go to the houses and offer flowers on their doors. This festival lasts for one month.
Bikhoti – Celebrated on the month of Vaishak (14 April).
Bagwaal – It is celebrated on the occasion of Deepawali. On this day people play “Bhaila” in the village by taking Mashaal in their hand.
Other festivals of Uttarakhand state– Aathu, Chaitol, Pitr Visarjan, Panchami, Saun ki Shivraat, Shivratri, Bajhar, Ghee Sankranti, Holi, Sardotsav, Nag Panchami, Kartik Purnima etc.
Fairs of Uttarakhand state– Utrayani Mela, Ladi ghura ka mela, Shravan Mela, Doonagiri Mela, Gannath Mela, Kasaar Devi Mela, Kunjapuri Mela, Surkanda Devi Mela, Mansar Mela, Somnath Mela, Bagwal Mela, Chaiti Mela, Thal Mela, Joljiwi Mela, Hanol Mela, Nilkanth Mahadev Mela, Gindi Mela.
Language Of Uttarakhand state
The official language of Uttarakhand state is Hindi and the state language is Sanskrit. Uttaranchal state is the only state in India whose state language is Sanskrit.
Different bids are spoken in different areas here. Kumauni and Garhwali are spoken more here. Hill bids are also popular in some areas. Salani, Jonsari, and Marchi are popular in the sub-category of Garhwali bids.
Uttarakhand state is a famous tourist destination situated in North India. This place is one of the few selected places in the country which attracts tourists from around the world due to its beauty. Uttaranchal, known as Devbhoomi, is considered as a paradise because of its calm atmosphere and scenic views.
There are hundreds of places to visit in Uttarakhand state. There are Bugyals (Meadow), Peaks, Tals (pond) and many more such scenic spots in Uttarakhand. The “world yoga capital” Rishikesh is also in Uttaranchal. Uttaranchal is mostly famous for Char Dham Yatra. People from all over the country come to Uttarakhand for “Char Dham Yatra”. The world-famous “Valley Of Flowers” is located in Chamoli district of Uttarakhand state. The hill stations of Uttarakhand is also famous all over India.
Uttaranchal is also known as “Devbhoomi”, and is a most suitable place for one who is seeking for peace and is a nature lover. There are also many spots in Uttarakhand where the films have been shoot, e.g F.R.I., Mussoorie, Nainital etc. Many foreign tourists also come to Uttaranchal. Rishikesh receives the highest number of foreign tourists. Some come here to learn the knowledge of yoga and Ayurveda, while others to relish its beauty.
Uttarakhand state tourism Development Board
According to the State Statistical Diary 2011-12, Uttaranchal has a total of 264 tourist sites. Tourism can be considered the main source of income and employment of the state.
Uttarakhand state tourism Policy was announced on April 26, 2001. The main point of the announcement-
- Developing the state as tourism state.
- Promote ecotourism to make tourism environment-friendly.
- Increasing personal and public sector involvement.
President – Tourism Minister.
Deputy Chairman – Tourism Development Commissioner.
Secretary – Chief Executive Officer.
Uttarakhand state Tourism model has been taken from Singapore. Tourism has been given the status of thrust Commission in Uttaranchal. Cultural heritage indexing in Uttaranchal is done by INTEK.
Things to do during Uttarakhand Darshan
- Char Dham Yatra
- Rishikesh Rafting
- Bungee Jumping
- Trekking in Uttarakhand state
- Water Sports
- Village Tourism
Weather of Uttarakhand
80% of the area in Uttarakhand is hilly and the remaining 20% is plain. In winter, in the mountainous regions of Uttarakhand state, there is a cold winter, and the weather remains pleasant in the plains. During summer, there is tremendous heat in Uttarakhand while the weather remains pleasant in the hills. Uttarakhand weather is pleasant during the month of March, April, and October, November.
Best time for Uttarakhand Darshan
The traveler can visit Uttarakhand state throughout the year. However, the month of March, April, and October, November is best suitable for traveling.
Top Summer Destinations in Uttarakhand state
- Char Dham
- Dayara Bugyal
- Vally of Flowers
Top Winter Destination in Uttarakhand state
- Dayara Bugyal
How to reach Uttarakhand state
How to reach Uttarakhand state by air
There are 2 domestic airports in Uttarakhand state. Jollygrant Airport and Pantnagar Airport which is located near Nainital. The Jolly grant airport located in Dehradun is connected to many major cities of the country such as Delhi and Mumbai.
If the traveler wants to visit the Garhwal area of the state then reaching the Jollygrant airport Dehradun will be a better decision. If the traveler wants to visit Kumaun region of the state then Pantnagar airport will be a better decision. But Before making the decision check the flight timetable of Pantnagar airport.
How to reach Uttarakhand by train
Many districts of Uttaranchal is well connected with the railway line. Dehradun, Haridwar, Rishikesh, Kotdwar, Nainital, Kathgoda, and Udham Singh Nagar are the railway junction in Uttaranchal. Whether you want to visit Garhwal region or Kumaon region check the timetable of the train first.
How to reach Uttarakhand by road
The road network of Uttaranchal is very better as compare to other states of India. Uttaranchal is well connected with states like Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, and Himachal by road. The traveler can reach Uttaranchal from any corner of the country by road. The road is the best way to travel in this state. Traveling by road offers the traveler the scenic views of this Devbhoomi.
Places to visit in Uttarakhand
Choice wise Destinations in Uttarakhand for the Guests
- Temples in Uttarakhand
- Pilgrimages in Uttarakhand
- Hill station in Uttarakhand
- Lakes in Uttarakhand
- National Parks in Uttarakhand
- Trekking in Uttarakhand
- Camping in Uttarakhand
- Rivers in Uttarakhand
- Peaks in Uttarakhand
- Bugyals in Uttarakhand
- Adventure in Uttarakhand (Rafting, Bungee Jump etc)