The Valley of Flowers National Park is located in Chamoli district of Uttarakhand state of India. The real name Valley of Flowers is Bhuwendar Valley which is discovered by Frank Smith in 1937. It was declared a National Protected Area in 1982. This valley is 10 km long and 2 km wide, it falls under the Nanda Devi Preserved Biosphere. This valley has the status of World Heritage. The extension of Valley of Flowers is in 87.50 sq km area and it is located at an elevation of 3658 meters above sea level.
Valley of Flower is very famous all over the globe. Many foreigner visitors and nature lover come here to visit. This is a perfect trekking destination in Uttarakhand. There are more than 520 flowers species found in this park and several species of birds are also found.
History of Valley of Flowers National Park
The credit for discovering the Valley of Flowers goes to the British mountaineer Frank Smith and M.L Holdsworth. Frank Smith liked this place and in 1937 he again visited the Valley of Flowers. After his second tour, in 1938, he published his book “Valley of Flowers”. But according to Sharma (1985), Indian Army officer Colonel Edmund Smythe visited this place in 1862.
In 1939, Joan Margret Legge of the Royal Botanical Garden Kew of England had come to the Valley of Flowers for the collection of flowers. While collecting the flowers, her foot slipped from a rock and she died. In 1980, under the provisions of the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 for the conservation of flora, the government declared the Valley of flowers as a national park. In 1982 Valley of Flowers was renamed as Nanda Devi National Park.
A few years ago, due to lack of supervision of this place, the herbs growing here began to be smuggled. After which the Uttarakhand government imposed restrictions on people coming here after which the vegetation started growing again.
Geography of Valley of Flowers
This beautiful place is situated in the lap of the Himalayas. Surrounded by Rata forests and Gauri Parvat from the east, Kunth Khal summit from the west, Saptashrungi from the south and the Nilgiri mountain in the north. Although the park is spread over 88 sq km, its 64 sq km area is always covered with snow. In 5 sq km area alpine forest is found and in 18 km area, alpine meadows are found.
Fact about Valley of Flower National Park
- It is believed that in the Ramayana period, Hanuman Ji was in this place in search of Sanjivani Buti.
- The flowers found here have wonderful medicinal properties which are also used in medicines.
- There are many such herbs and vegetation found here which are rare and are not found elsewhere in the world.
- Flowers patterns change in this park every week. The flower that appears today in one place, the next flower will appear in that place next week.
Valley of Flowers Opening and Closing Date 2018
Opening date of Valley of Flowers National Park is 1st June. The valley is open for only 4 months, since October 1, the valley is closed for visitors.
Entry Timing of Valley of Flowers National Park
The entry time is from early morning to 3:00 pm, after this the visitors are not allowed to enter the Valley. The visitors are not allowed to stay or camp inside the park.
Valley of Flowers National Park Zones
Core Zone: In the core zone of Valley of Flowers only tourist activities and Ecological restoration activities are allowed.
Buffer Zone: In the buffer zone tourism, eco-development, eco-restoration, and research activities are allowed.
There is no adventurous activity like swimming, mountain climbing etc are not allowed inside the park.