Yamunotri Temple is the first to travel in the Chota Char Dham Yatra located in North India. After this, the journey of Gangotri, Kedarnath, and Badrinath is undertaken. Yamunotri Dham is the origin of the Yamuna River. The river Yamuna flows from the glacier named Champa Sagar.
In this temple, a divine rock (Shila) of Goddess Yamuna is located. There are three Kund of hot water near the rock – Surya Kund, Draupadi Kund, and Gaurikund. Of these, the Surya Kund is considered as important. The devotees put rice in a cloth and put them in the hot water Kund, and in a short time, the rice gets cooked, which is considered sacred offerings of this Dham.
Yamunotri Dham is located in Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand. It is located in the foothills of the Kalind Mountains at an elevation of 3,200 meters above sea level. It is 30 Km away from Uttarkashi district.
The Temple was built by Pratap Shah the king of Tehri Garhwal in 1919 and he devoted this temple to Goddess Yamuna. The idol of Goddess Yamuna in the temple is made up of Black Marble.
Several small shrines are also located in the route of Yamunotri. The first temple which is visible to the devotees is the Ram Mandir which is 2 km from the starting point.
Yamunotri Temple opening date 2018
Four Dham kapats are closed during winter, they remain open for only 6 months. The opening date of Yamunotri Dham in 2018 is 16 April 2018. The kapat of the temple opens on the day of Akshaya Tritiya. The kapat closes on the day of Yama Dwitiya (the second day after Diwali).
The rest of the 6 months Yamuna Maiya is worshiped in his winter temple located in Kharsali, Uttarkashi. On Deepawali, the Devi Yamuna is brought to the temple in Kharsali by decorating her by pandits in a Doli.
History of Yamunotri
This temple was built by the Maharaja Pratap Shah of Tehri Garhwal. In the 19th century, once the temple was destroyed by the earthquake, after which Maharani Guleria of Jaipur had rebuilt this temple.
It is believed that there used to be Asiati Muni, and used to take bath in Ganga and Yamuna everyday. When he was old enough to be unable to take a bath here, a section of the Ganges appeared in front of Yamunotri and reached them.
The mythology of Yamunotri Temple
Yamunotri Dham is described in detail in the Vedas, Puranas, and Upanishads. According to the beliefs, the Yamuna has been considered as the goddess of love and mercy.
Yamuna is also called Yami due to being the sister of Yamraj. Yamuna’s father and mother was Sun and Sangya. The sun used to satisfy all the desires of the Yamuna, because she was her most beloved daughter. Both Yamraj and Yamuna were twins. According to the Vedas, Yamraaj was the first person to face death and that was why he was made the God of death.
When the Yamuna came to Earth, she does terrible penance to free her brother Yamraj from the curse of shadow. Yamraj became free from the curse of shadow and gave a boon to the Yamuna.
The Yamuna demanded the safe water of rivers in the form of a boon. No one should die from the lack of drinking water, but he can attain liberation. Therefore, the mountain situated near Yamunotri Dham is named after Lord Sun, which is also known as Kalinda.
It is believed that anyone who takes a bath in the water of Yamuna becomes free from the fear of death.
Best time to visit Yamunotri
Each year, the Yamunotri Dham kapat opens in the month of April. May-June and September-November are suitable months for the journey of Yamunotri. Due to the heavy snow in the winter months, the Kapat of the temple is closed.
Before you travel in the rainy season, take stock of the information of the roads. It is common to have landslides in during the rainy season. Although the roads have been significantly improved by the Uttarakhand government, due to which the Char Dham Yatra has become even more convenient now.
Place near Yamunotri Temple
Yamunotri Mandir, Janki Chatti, Surya Kund, Hanuman Chatti, Gauri Kund, Saptrishi Kund, Divya Shila.
Yamunotri itinerary from Dehradun
Day 1: (Dehradun-Hanuman Chatti)
As soon as the journey begins, Prakasheshwar Temple is located at a distance of 10 km from Dehradun on the Mussoorie route. This is a Sidh Peeth dedicated to Lord Shiva. After this, the devotees reach Mussoorie (Queen of the Hills), which is 34 km from Dehradun. After this, the devotees reach Hanuman Chatti while enjoying the natural beauty.
Day 2 (Hanuman Chatti-Yamunotri)
Hanuman Chatti is the last bus stand of Yamunotri Dham. The journey from here to Yamunotri is 13 km. This distance can be covered by walking or by horse or by Kandi. As soon as the devotees reach the temple, they take a bath in hot water Pond (Garam Pani ke Kund) and then they visit Devi Yamuna.
Day 3 (Yamunotri-Gangotri)
After visiting Yamunotri Dham, you can leave for Gangotri on the third day. Gangotri is 222 km away from Yamunotri. Gangotri is the second halt of Char Dham Yatra.
How to Reach Yamunotri Temple
How to Reach Yamunotri by Air
The nearest airport from Yamunotri is Jolly Grant airport which is 200 km away. Yamunotri Temple Yatra starts from Dehradun, Rishikesh or Haridwar. Jolly Grant airport is well connected with major cities of India. Daily flight is available from Delhi to Dehradun. After reaching the rest of the journey is traveled by road.
How to Reach Yamunotri by Train
Due to the inaccessible area, Yamunotri Temple can be reached only by road. Dehradun Railway Station is the nearest railway station from Yamunotri, 185 km away. Dehradun railway station is well connected to major cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Ghaziabad and many more. There is a daily train between different cities to Dehradun. After reaching Dehradun, the rest of the journey is traveled by the road route.
How to Reach Yamunotri by Road
One can reach Yamunotri by 2 ways. You can go through the Delhi-Rishikesh-Tehri-Uttarkashi-Yamunotri Temple or by Delhi-Dehradun-Mussoorie-Uttarkashi-Yamunotri Temple. There is a daily bus available from Rishikesh to Hanuman Chatti. Yamunotri has located 14 km away from Hanuman Chatti.
Yamunotri Travel tips
- Be sure to know the weather before you start the journey.
- Get information about road routes. There is a possibility of landslides in the mountains during monsoon season.
- Book the hotels in advance before starting your Yatra. It is very difficult to find hotels during the Yatra season.
- Take warm clothes with you. Due to its elevation, the climate here remains cold in summer.
- Do not consume any intoxicant during the Yatra.
- Ask the driver to drive with caution.
- Do not allow possibilities like a stampede in the temple premises.